Judy Garland (June 10, 1922 - June 22 1969) was an American actress and singer, best known for her role as Dorothy in the now-iconic Wizard of Oz.  From her beginnings in a vaudeville group with her sisters—“The Gumm Sisters”— she went on to feature in over two dozen films for MGM, released eight studio albums, and hosted her own TV series, The Judy Garland Show.

Judy Garland, 1945. Photo Source - Wikimedia Commons.

American singer Patsy Cline (September 8, 1932 - March 5, 1963) was widely considered one of the most influential vocalists of the 20th century. She was one of the first women in country music to sell records and headline concerts. In 1973 she was the first woman to be inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame.

Patsy Cline Live at the Obry Album Cover

One of France’s most celebrated stars, Édith Piaf (December 19, 1915 - October 10, 1963) was a singer and actress internationally acclaimed for her interpretation of the chanson, or French ballad. Among her most famous songs are “Non, je ne regrette rien” and “La vie en rose.”

Edith Piaf. Source -httpswww.biography.commusicianedith-piaf; Author - BIOGRAPHY

Billie Holiday (April 7, 1915 - July 17, 1959) aka “Lady Day” was an American jazz and swing singer whose vocal styling, heavily influenced by jazz instrumentation, pioneered a new way of manipulating musical phrasing and tempo. Holiday won four posthumous Grammy Awards, was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, the National Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame, and the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.

Billie Holiday, 1947. Source Library of Commons httpwww.loc.gov

Maria Callas (December 2, 1923 - September 16, 1977) was one of the most influential opera singers of the 20th century. Born in America to Greek immigrant parents, her incredibly successful career spanned the works of opera writers Wagner, Puccini, and Rossini, among many others.

Maria Callas, 1958. Source - Wikimedia Commons http.commons.wikimedia.org